Grand Larceny in the First Degree: New York Penal Law 155.42
In terms of theft and larceny crimes handled by New York criminal lawyers, there is no larceny more serious than Grand Larceny in the First Degree (New York Penal Law 155.42). Arguably, other than the most serious violent felonies, NY PL 155.42 is the "worst" felony any individual could be arrested or indicted for in New York City or anywhere in the State of New York. Whether you never even had a speeding ticket or you have a long felonious record, state prison is mandatory if you are convicted. In fact, a person with no record would face a minimum of one to three years in prison and a maximum of eight and one third to twenty five years behind bars. Predicate felons, those with felony records within the past ten years, face a minimum of four and one half to nine and a maximum of twelve and one half to twenty five years in state prison.
Like the lesser Grand Larceny crimes and Petit Larceny, the central premise of Grand Larceny in the First Degree is that you stole property, regardless of its nature, from another person. What makes NY PL 155.42 so serious is that if the value of the stolen property exceeds $1,000,000, your conduct falls squarely into the language and target of Grand Larceny in the First Degree.
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Like some of the higher degree Grand Larceny crimes in New York, Grand Larceny in the First Degree is often part of another criminal scheme. That criminal scheme may be Enterprise Corruption or something less significant, yet felonious, such as Scheme to Defraud or Falsifying Business Records.
It is important to note that Grand Larceny in the First Degree arrests and indictments are usually proactive in nature. In other words, it is not as if you got randomly caught with stolen goods of this value, but that law enforcement has been investigating your conduct for some time. They may have issued subpoenas to banks, locked witnesses into testimony, conducted wire taps or executed search warrants. Even worse, there is always the possibility in cases of Grand Larceny in the First Degree that you were indicted before you were even arrested (this is called an "NA" indictment).
Should you be charged with or investigated for any degree of Grand Larceny it is critical to take the proper steps to protect your rights and establish a viable defense. Your freedom and future may count on it. While each case is as unique as the person accused, the New York criminal lawyers and former Manhattan prosecutors at Crotty Saland PC have successfully represented clients in multi-million dollar Grand Larceny allegations. We will utilize our knowledge and experience to put you in the best place to preserve that which the state and government wants to take away.
For further information on Grand Larceny crimes in New York as well as other theft crimes, review our website as well as our two blogs. Both the NewYorkTheftAndLarcenyLawyersBlog.Com and the NewYorkCriminalLawyerBlog.Com are a tremendous resource to begin your education on these statutes and prepare your for an educated and substantive consultation with our attorneys.